, Edited by Defined Desk | Jalandhar |October 20, 2020 7:30:59 am
A grain market in Ludhiana. Authorities businesses purchased 163.82 lakh tonnes of paddy in Punjab mandis in 2019-20. (Photograph by Gurmeet Singh)
For the previous few years, mandis in Punjab have been procuring at Minimal Help Value (MSP) extra paddy (non-Basmati) than the state produces. It is because a considerable amount of paddy from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar is illegally dropped at Punjab, to be offered on the larger value it could fetch within the mandis right here.
A number of circumstances have been registered within the current previous, together with through the present procurement season, in opposition to this apply. The federal government’s motion usually ends at confiscating some vehicles, carrying a couple of thousand tonnes of paddy, and registering some circumstances.
The unlawful commerce, nonetheless, is of far quite a lot of thousand tonnes of paddy. If the overall manufacturing and complete buy of paddy in Punjab previously three years are taken into consideration, the determine of illegally offered paddy arrived at is in hundreds of thousands of tonnes. How? explains.
How a lot paddy was bought by the federal government in these years?
Nearly all of the crop dropped at mandis by the farmers is bought by the federal government. In Punjab, authorities businesses purchased 163.82 lakh tonnes (LT), 170.46 LT and 179.56 LT paddy in 2019-20, 2018-19 and 2017-18 respectively, as per knowledge from the Meals Company of India (FCI), which purchases it for the central pool.
How a lot space was beneath paddy cultivation in Punjab in these three years?
Punjab agriculture division’s information present that 22.91 lakh hectares have been beneath paddy cultivation in 2019-20, 25.94 lakh hectares in 2018-19 and 25.19 lakh hectares in 2017-18.
What was the common paddy yield of the state?
In accordance with the state agriculture division, the overall common yield of paddy in Punjab was recorded at 6,635 kg (6.6 tonnes) per hectare in 2019-20, 6,532 kg (6.5 tonnes) in 2018-19 and 6,516 kg (6.5 tonnes) in 2017-18.
What ought to be the overall manufacturing of paddy in Punjab on this interval?
As per the crop slicing experiments throughout Punjab by the state agriculture division, the overall manufacturing ought to be 152 Lakh tonnes (15.2 million tonnes) in 2019-20, 169.44 LTs (16.9 Million tonnes) 2018-19 and 164.14 LTs (16.Four million tonnes) in 2017-18. Thus, in all of the three years, authorities businesses bought extra paddy than Punjab’s complete manufacturing, as per the common yield.
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Consultants mentioned that even when we take 1% or 2% greater than the precise common yield (although the federal government’s estimates are roughly equal to the precise), the quantity of the paddy coming to mandis remains to be a lot larger.
Furthermore, farmers don’t convey their whole crop to mandis –– they maintain some for self-consumption and for seeds.
A senior officer within the Meals Company of India (FCI) mentioned: “Even when they maintain 2-Three million tonnes of the crop for self- consumption, one can effectively think about how a lot further paddy is being transported to Punjab, from Bihar and UP.”
Distinction in complete manufacturing and complete buy
In 2019-20, 11.82 lakh tonnes (1.2 million tonnes) extra paddy was offered in Punjab’s mandis than produced within the state. In 2018-19, the determine round 1.02 lakh tonnes, and in 2017-18, it was practically 15.42 lakh tonnes (1.5 million tonnes).
“If the quantity of paddy Punjab farmers consumed themselves can be factored in, the transportation from different states is just not lower than 4-5 million tonnes (40 to 50 lakh tonnes) yearly,” mentioned a senior officer within the state agriculture division.
Who’s getting this revenue?
In UP and Bihar, paddy is hardly procured by the federal government, and is offered a lot beneath the MSP to merchants.
In accordance with officers, a number of rice millers and numerous rice exporters, with the connivance of some procurement businesses officers, are concerned within the Punjab racket.
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They get paddy in UP and Bihar on the charge of Rs 900 to Rs 1,200 per quintal, relying upon high quality. Including milling and transportation expenses, it prices them round Rs 1,200 to Rs 1,500 per quintal. In Punjab, they promote at a far larger charge of the MSP, Rs 1,888 per quintal, illegally within the title of state’s farmers.
An official mentioned merchants sitting in Delhi are controlling the markets of UP and Bihar and facilitating the millers of Punjab. And such millers in Punjab are incomes Rs 400 to 600 per quintal by promoting the paddy to the federal government.
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